India is the world’s largest consumer of tea in the world – and the second largest producer of tea. However, the growth of tea as an industry in India has been relatively recent. Tea Plantation require a moderately a humid and hot climatic condition. Tea Planation thrives well in deep well drained friable loamy soils. Virgin forest soils that are rich in humus and iron are best suited for tea plantation and water logging will damage the plants, so there should be an easy way of draining the soil.
Coffee can be grown on lots of soils but the ideal types are fertile volcanic red earth or deep sandy loam. For coffee trees to grow it is important that the soil is well draining which makes heavy clay or heavy sandy soils inadequate. Best coffee production comes on well-drained and well-aerated soils rich in nutrients and humus content. A soil’s texture and structure must allow a large root zone to develop so that the plant can still access water during the dry season. Rooting depth depends on soil condition. Good drainage is essential to allow excessive rainfall to move away from the root zone.
Reasonably accurate water requirement estimates for coffee and tea are crucial because too little water can substantially reduce growth without wilting or other visible signs of moisture stress. A good irrigation management strategy is essential to save water without threat to the crop yield. Determining the exact moment to make the Irrigation is one of the key steps to rationalize water management. Accurate estimates of needs water in the coffee are essential.
Some Israeli companies for Coffee and Tea growers – in soil management and water harnessing Taranis with technologies such as sensors and satellite images, Viridix-Soil Sensor Technology for Precise Irrigation, Tevatronic – fully automates irrigation and fertilization customized to achieve desired root system depth, Common-Sensor Ltd offers the CommonSensor, a wireless device that allows plants to essentially water themselves, saving up to 75% in water consumption and proportionally reducing both water and soil pollution caused by fertilizers and Netafim, world leader in drip irrigation which can be well used in slope cultivation of crops.
Interested Coffee and Tea Growers may benefit from these Israeli technologies in this area to increase their yield and minimize soil erosion. For further information, relevant contacts are invited to be in touch with the Economic and Trade Department at the Israeli Consulate in Bengaluru.
For further queries, contact:
Veshala Gajaraj – Trade Officer, Bengaluru – +91-80-49406517 Veshalakshe.Gajaraj@israeltrade.gov.il