In Peru there are 2.3 million agricultural units, of which 1.8 million raise at least one livestock species, being 68% in the Highlands, 19% in the Jungle and 13% in the Coast (CENAGRO, 2012). The area of natural pastures in 2012 was 18 million hectares (CENAGRO, 2012), 13% more than that reported in 1994 (CENAGRO, 1994), showing an average annual growth rate of 0.36%.

The livestock population has had a positive annual increase rate for Birds (1.4%), Alpacas (1.7%), Pigs (0.2%) and Cattle (0.1%), while Sheep and Goats show negative rates of -3.5% and -0.1% respectively. The production of meat at the national level shows an important growth in Poultry (7.0%), followed by Alpacas (2.3%), Cattle (1.9%), Pigs (1.7%) and Sheep (0.1%), in the case of goats the rate was decreasing (-1.2%).

The total cattle population in Peru is 5.2 million heads (CENAGRO, 2012), an increase of 14.7% and 35.3% compared to 1994 and 1972, respectively. 63.9% of the cattle are Creoles, the predominant breeds being Brown Swiss (17.6%), Holstein (10.3%) and Zebu (3.4%). 73% are found in the mountains, 12% on the coast and 15% in the jungle (CENAGRO, 2012). The population of milking cows is 893,769 heads (MINAGRI, 2017), showing an annual growth rate of 1.9% (period 2007-2016); The regions with the highest population being Cajamarca (17.7%), Puno (11.41%) and Cusco (9.05%). In this period, the regions with the highest average growth rate were Cusco (11.6%), San Martín (9.1%) and Tumbes (6.6%) (MINAGRI, 2017).

The most producing dairy regions are Cajamarca (18.2%), Arequipa (17.9%) and Lima (17.8%); However, the regions with the highest annual rates of increase, in the last 10 years, are Ica (11.65%), Cusco (10.54%) and Junín (10.46%) (MINAGRI, 2017). Annual milk consumption is 87 kg / person / year, having shown an annual increase of 2.88% (period 2007-2016) (MINAGRI, 2017). However, the FAO recommends a consumption of 120 kg / person (FAO, 2017) leaving a gap of 33 kg.

In Peru there are 53 animals benefit centers, 18 of which are type I, 15 type II and 7 type III (with export capacity); totaling 40 centers with permanent authorization and SENASA certification, being 13 centers with temporary authorization. 52% of centers are for the bovine species. The formal benefit in slaughterhouses and slaughterhouses at the national level, reaches 80% of the cattle, and 30% of the sheep, goats, alpacas and llamas that benefit (MINAGRI, 2017).

Regarding raw cow’s milk, of the almost 2 million tons / year, 8% is destined for self-consumption, veal and direct sale; 52% is collected and processed by the major industry and 40% is transformed by hand by small and medium producers and processors (MINAGRI, 2017).

CENAGRO: National Agricultural Census

MINAGRI:   Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation

Paul Nestares

Senor Trade Officer